How the penalty rates decision hurts women

Hospitality: In the hospitality award, the loading for full and part time workers will be reduced from 175% to 150%, while there will be no change for casuals. While young people might be able to catch up with some areas of social life outside of the weekend, their parents and older family members are more likely to work in the week, making it hard to find time to spend together as a family.

The decision will see the reduction of Sunday penalty rates in the retail industry from 200 per cent to 150 per cent for permanent staff and 175 per cent for casuals.

Sunday penalty rates will be cut for hospitality, retail, pharmacy and fast food employees, the Fair Work Commission says.

Even those on a pharmacy award wage will lose some penalty rates, with full-time and part-time employees working on Sunday between 7am and 9pm seeing a drop in their penalty rate from double-time to time-and-a-half.

Hospitality and retail employees will also see their public holiday rates cut from 250 per cent to 225 per cent.

"I rely on the penalty rates to make ends meet and to pay for my fuel, my rent and to pay for my food".

The Fair Work Commission has spent nearly two years weighing evidence from more than 140 witnesses and 6000 written submissions.

The Fair Work Commission's landmark decision will see significant reductions in Sunday and public holidays across the industries, but not to Saturday levels as originally thought.

For many of us out in retail, this country has gone downhill.

However, Australian Retailers Association executive director Russell Zimmerman said the decision would grow the sector.

However, others have spoken about taking the Fair Work Commission's decision with caution, saying that it may discourage good staff from working weekends. For unclear reasons, the not-for-profit club sector will still have to pay full penalty rates.

According to University of Canberra economist Phil Lewis, Sunday penalty rates are estimated to have reduced demand for labour by between a staggering 75 and 100 per cent. Employers of quaintly differentiated "retail", "hospitality" and "fast food" workers lodged modest, rather than ambit claims that would leave it to managers and employees, rather than lofty judges, to determine the great diversity of preferences of the human condition.

Fair Work Commission President Justice Iain Ross confirmed that "transition arrangements will be put in place, so that workers affected will have time to get used to the changes".

High Sunday penalty rates came in at a time when few shops opened after noon on Saturday and Sunday was a day set aside for church and family.

Four million Australians, or one in three of the workforce, already decide to work at the weekend.

The decision was welcomed by business groups, who seized on the findings that rate cuts would extend trading hours and service levels and could also increase employment. It was a sensible, balanced and fair decision, he said.

Rough Diamond owner Henry Bird said the changes would mean he could consider opening his business on a Sunday.

Unions, the ALP and Greens, on the other hand, will now push for cuts to penalty rates to be overruled by legislation.

Shadow employment minister Brendan O'Connor has told Sky News Labor will be calling on the parliament to remidy this decision.

Mr Edgington said the ruling was a "kick in the guts" and would affect thousands of workers in the region.